A guide to not getting ripped off: A cheat sheet of unit trust fees
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A guide to not getting ripped off: A cheat sheet of unit trust fees

May 2024
Jun 2018
What are the fees involved when investing in unit trusts or mutual funds in Singapore?
"If fees consume more than 1% of your assets annually, you should probably shop for another adviser."

Intelligent Investor (1949) by Benjamin Graham, Warren Buffett's professor and mentor

Are you overpaying?

There are two supermarkets within a 10-minute walk from my house, but I order my groceries on Redmart as it's slightly cheaper. I check Hotels.com and Expedia before booking any trips to find a good deal. It's so easy to compare prices for any purchases and save a few dollars, but it's shocking to realise that one of our largest expenses goes under the radar. Investors are surprisingly clueless on how much in fees they pay on investment products that over the long run could amount to hundreds of thousands of dollars. Can you think of any other products or services where you have no idea what they cost?

Time and time again, fees have been proven to be one of the key determinants of long-term returns. Fees can vary greatly between different mutual funds or unit trusts, different share-classes of the same funds, or even buying the same fund via different banks or brokers. Bottom line is: You can't control where the markets go, but you can control how much you pay in fees.

A $100,000 investment in a fund earning 7% per annum (a good return), but with a fee of 1.75% versus 0.75%, will deprive you of about 152% in returns (or $152,000) over 30 years.

Chart: How fees impact your investment returns. An illustration of $100,000 invested in a fund with a gross annualised return of 7% p.a. With a 1% p.a. difference in fees, over a 30-year period, the difference in returns is more than 152% or $152,000. Source: Endowus Research.

A cheat sheet of fund fees

Here are some common types of fees that investors should look out for when investing in unit trusts or mutual funds:

Upfront fee, front-end load or initial sales charge

Typically 2-5% in Singapore

Fee payable by you to the bank, financial advisor or broker who sold you the fund. This is charged as a percentage of your investment amount and should be negotiated.

Wrap fee

Typically 0.35-1.5% p.a. in Singapore

Fee charged by a bank, financial advisor or broker for investment advice, administration or other investment services. This is charged as a percentage of the market value of your portfolio. Make sure you know what you are getting for the wrap fee, and do not have to pay other fees on top that you thought were included.

Platform fee

Typically 0.20-1% p.a. in Singapore

Fee generally charged by online platforms (i.e. Fundsupermart) for administration of your investments and use of their platform. This is charged as a percentage of the market value of your portfolio.

Brokerage fee

Typically 0.20-0.50% of your transaction amount in Singapore

Fee charged by banks, financial advisors or brokers for executing the transaction of a fund or other financial product.

Switch fee

Typically 0.5-1% of your investment amount in Singapore

Fee charged when you switch from one fund to another. This is not common, but still exists on some platforms. You really should not have to pay this, ever.

Redemption fee

Typically 1-5% of your investment amount in Singapore

Fee payable whenever you sell or redeem a fund. Some funds progressively reduce the redemption fee if you hold your investment over a longer period of time. Also less common these days, but still exists for some retail investment products.

Expense ratio, ongoing charges or management fee

Typically 1-2.5% p.a. for retail share classes available in Singapore

An annual fee the funds will charge for fund expenses, including management fees, administrative fees, and operating costs. This is deducted from a fund's net asset value (NAV), and accrued on a daily basis.

This is the only fee that institutional investors pay, and it is typically a fraction of what retail investors pay. For example, the same fund with both institutional and retail share classes will charge institutional investors ~0.50% and retail investors anywhere between 1-2.5%.

Trailer fee

Typically 50-60% of the expense ratio in Singapore

This is a scary one. The elusive recurring distribution commission is paid by the fund management company to the bank, financial advisor or broker that sold you the fund. This fee is paid as long as you hold the fund in your portfolio. This means that you're not able to see this fee directly - you will only see it as a reduction in the net asset value (NAV) of the fund and as some part of the expense ratio the fund manager is charging you.

Read more about trailer fees in our article.

Here's a fee comparison of buying the same PIMCO GIS Income Fund on different platforms.

Based on Endowus Research, data as of April 2024. This comparison is made between the institutional share class (IE00BMB3HX34) offered on Endowus, versus the retail share class (IE00B9HH6X13) offered on other platform(s). Our reference point for “zero fee” platforms are those that take embedded trailer fees and platform fees.

Low, fair fees with Endowus keep much more of your returns

Fees are important to your investment returns. On Endowus, individuals get institutional access to high-performing funds at the lowest possible, fair, and transparent fees.

Previously, individual investors in Singapore were not able to invest in the cheaper class of funds, known as the institutional share-class. But not anymore — you can now invest in institutional share-class funds, some exclusively on Endowus, starting from just $1,000.

The all-in Endowus Fee is a per-annum fee based on the value of assets you hold with Endowus. We do not charge a sales fee, transaction fee, or any other hidden fees, unlike other platforms. You also get 100% Cashback on all commissions, known as trailer fees — as of January 2023, we have returned more than S$6 million in these fund-distributor commissions to customers since inception.

Unlike other platforms, we do not collect trailer fees, which eat into your returns and wrongly incentivise other advisors and platforms to sell certain funds that may not be suitable for you. This reduces our costs to a fraction of the industry average, which then translates to better returns for you in the long term.

For more information on our transparent fee structure, click here. To get started with Endowus today, follow this link.

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What are the fees involved when investing in unit trusts or mutual funds in Singapore?

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