37% of your monthly salary goes into your CPF. Are the 2.5% returns from CPF sufficient for retirement? How should you leverage your CPF money to better plan for retirement?
Sin Ting, our Chief Client Officer, and Sheng Shi, our Personal Finance Lead will share:
- An introduction to the world of CPF
- Why "Pay Yourself First"?
- What we can do with CPF
- Strategies to maximising your CPF
- CPF priorities by age group
6:19 How much do we contribute into CPF
9:08 "Pay yourself first" concept in budgeting
10:52 How CPF make us "pay ourselves first"
12:00 Why we associate CPF with housing strongly
14:50 Different type of CPF accounts, and what we can do with CPF
17:04 Question from viewer - OA to SA transfer better, or to invest?
19:48 Different in OA monies with investing, transferring to SA, and not doing anything
21:55 Maximising your CPF
24:28 What can I invest my CPF in?
31:05 CPF priorities for the young
32:50 CPF priorities for the mid career
36:08 CPF priorities for the cruisers (retirement)
Excerpts from the Webinar
How much do we contribute into CPF (6:19)
Sin Ting: (If you are below 55) Every month you contribute about 20% of your paycheck to CPF and your employer contributes 17%. To dive deeper into the statistics, the median salary in Singapore is $4,500, this means that an average person's take-home salary is $3,600 per month and therefore he/she contributes $19,980 to CPF per year. This would mean that most of us will be CPF millionaires by the time we can withdraw money at 55.
To give another example, let's say that you started off working at the age of 25 with a starting salary of $3000 at 4% growth per year and two months of bonus, this means you will end up contributing approximately $800,000 in your CPF by the age of 55. Despite this, many Singaporeans still have major financial issues. A survey done by OCBC in 2019 revealed that 65% of Singaporeans thought they were not accumulating enough funds to maintain their lifestyle after retirement.
Sheng Shi: Another issue Singaporeans face with their CPF monies is that we tend to neglect it even though it is a big part of our net worth. One reason why we neglect our CPF monies is that we are conditioned to do so. When you receive your paycheck, the CPF amount is already deducted. This means that we only ever see our net pay not the full gross pay, leading us to think that the amount deducted for CPF is not really our money.
Different types of CPF accounts, and what we can do with CPF (14:50)
Sheng Shi: There are three different buckets of CPF monies: Ordinary Account (which acts like a high yield savings account), Medisave Account (which acts as a medical emergency fund and medical insurance) and Special Account (which is a locked-in retirement savings plan).
Sin Ting: There are several things you can use your CPF in the meantime before you reach the age of 55. Firstly, you can use it to pay for housing, however, it is important to note that there is a trade-off when you use your CPF monies to pay for housing. When you sell your house and return the CPF monies you used, you'll have to pay the accrued interest as well. Secondly, you can pay your insurance premiums on your Dependant's Protection Scheme and Home Protection Scheme (HPS). Thirdly, you can spend it on education for a tertiary education for yourself or your family.
The fourth and fifth options are great for maximising and growing your CPF. You can transfer your OA funds to your SA and get a higher guaranteed interest rate, however, these transfers are irreversible. We advise to have a clear idea on whether or not you are looking to use your OA funds to pay for housing or education before you make any transfers to your SA.
Question from viewer - OA to SA transfer better, or to invest? (17:04)
Sheng Shi: This would depend on your life stage and your risk appetite. How I see it is that your CPF SA fund is a locked-in retirement savings plan and would equate it to buying an endowment plan with a financial advisor. The funds in your SA are locked-in, meaning that it acts more like a forced savings plan rather than an investment therefore, any funds you want to transfer from your OA to your SA are immovable till you are 55. This is very different to investing because you will always have the option to liquidate your investment to use it for other purposes.
So if you are someone who tends to be more of an emotional investor or who tends to trade in and out, I would recommend choosing to go with the savings plan. However, if you are a seasoned investor and you are comfortable with investing in the long term it would be a better option to invest your CPF OA money. That is not to say you can't do both. If you have already reached the max transfer amount (your full retirement sum), you can look to investing your CPF OA money. At the end of the day, it all depends on your own risk appetite and the outcome you are looking for.
What can I invest my CPF in? (24:28)
Sin Ting: So before you can start to invest your CPF, you have to set aside $20,000 in your CPF OA. The remaining amount can be categorized into your investable savings, which you can invest 100% of it into unit trusts, SG government bonds, SGX ETFs, and investment-linked products. Further, you can invest up to 35% of these savings into Singapore listed equities and up to 10% of these savings into Gold ETFs.
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